meta-research

Meta-research

Evaluating and improving research practices

Unlocking sports medicine research data while maintaining participant privacy via synthetic datasets

There is an opportunity for sports medicine to progress research ideation using synthetic datasets, maintaining research momentum when data collection is not feasible. These processes maximise the potential for application of open science practice, …

How podcasts can benefit scientific communities

Podcasts are emerging as a popular forum for discussing scientific life. Here, we describe how podcasts can benefit scientific communities by disseminating career-specific information that is often unwritten and unavailable to those outside academic …

A synthetic dataset primer for the biobehavioural sciences to promote reproducibility and hypothesis generation

Open research data provide considerable scientific, societal, and economic benefits. However, disclosure risks can sometimes limit the sharing of open data, especially in datasets that include sensitive details or information from individuals with …

Most oxytocin administration studies are statistically underpowered to reliably detect (or reject) a wide range of effect sizes

The neuropeptide oxytocin has attracted substantial research interest for its role in behaviour and cognition; however, the evidence for its effects have been mixed. Meta-analysis is viewed as the gold-standard for synthesizing evidence, but the …

Registration, reporting, and replication in clinical trials: The case of anorexia nervosa

Objective: Treatment outcomes for anorexia nervosa (AN) remain modest, and recent research suggests that clinical trials may be of limited methodological quality. With increasing evidence illustrating the irreproducibility of psychological research, …

Meta-analysis misunderstood: a cautionary tale in interpreting meta-analytic findings

Treatment outcomes for anorexia nervosa: a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials

Background: To determine the impact of specialized treatments, relative to comparator treatments, upon the weight and psychological symptoms of anorexia nervosa (AN) at end-of-treatment (EOT) and follow-up. Methods: Randomized controlled trials …

Revisiting non-significant effects of intranasal oxytocin using equivalence testing

The effects of intranasal oxytocin on social cognition are mixed, with several non-significant reports casting some doubts on its efficacy. Nevertheless, drawing inferences from non-significant values is problematic as non-significant results can be …

Bayesian alternatives for common null-hypothesis significance tests in psychiatry: A non-technical guide using JASP

Background: Despite its popularity as an inferential framework, classical null hypothesis significance testing (NHST) has several restrictions. Bayesian analysis can be used to complement NHST, however, this approach has been underutilized largely …